Though ‘Law Day’, also known as the Constitution Day of India, is not celebrated as a public holiday, every Indian must know about it. One of the unique things about this day is that though its roots relate to the adoption of the constitution, which took place around 70 years ago, it was declared as a ‘Law Day’ very recently.
Constitution Day is a matter of national pride for all the Indians. On this day, our Indian constitution was adopted and drafted though it came into effect much later.
So, on the occasion of Constitution Day, we bring to you some must-know details about this special day.
What is Constitution Day?
Constitution Day 2020 was formerly known as Law Day. It is also known as Samvidhan Divas. This day is observed to celebrate the historical moment of the adoption of the Indian Constitution.
On November 26, 1949, more than two years after attaining independence from the British rule, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, and the day bears immense historical significance. However, the Constitution of India came into effect on January 26, 1950, to commemorate the pledge of Purna Swaraj, passed in the Lahore session of the Congress on this day in 1930.
Constitution Day History
The initiative to have a Constitution Day was undertaken by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi on October 11, 2015, while laying the foundation stone of Dr. B R Ambedkar's Statue of Equality memorial in Mumbai, which also happened to be the 125th birth anniversary of Dr. Ambedkar. Hence, on that day Narendra Modi made a declaration about the Constitution Day in order to honour the immense contribution made by Dr. Ambedkar in shaping the Indian Constitution.
Thereafter, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on November 19, 2015, notified the decision of the Government of India to celebrate the 26th day of November every year as the 'Constitution Day' to promote Constitution values among the Indian citizens.
Constitution Day Significance
Dr. B R Ambedkar was a renowned politician, social reformer, and jurist. He is known as the ‘Father of the Indian Constitution’. He was appointed as the chairman of the constitution drafting committee on August 29, 1947. Ambedkar was the one who drafted the Indian Constitution.
‘Constitution Day of India’ aims to bring awareness to the importance of the Indian Constitution and its architect, Dr. Ambedkar. Every year on this day in many schools the students are made to read the Preamble to the Indian Constitution.
The association of this day is only and only with one person and that is Dr. Ambedkar.
Interesting trivia about the Indian Constitution
The following are a few interesting facts about the Indian Constitution:
- With so much writing, the Indian Constitution is the longest of any sovereign country in the world.
- When the draft was prepared and put up for debate and discussion, over 2000 amendments were made before it was finalized.
- The original Constitution of India was handwritten by Prem Behari Narain Raizada with each page beautifully decorated by artists from Shantiniketan.
- The significance of January 26 for the enforcement of the Constitution is that it was the anniversary of ‘Poorna Swaraj Day’ (January 26, 1930); the day Indian congress seeded the fight for complete Independence and hoisted the Indian national flag for the first time.
- It is inspired by the constitutions of various countries and is often referred to as the bag of offerings.
- Indian Constitution is known as one of the best Constitutions in the world; because even after 70 years, there have been only 103 amendments.
- There were 15 women among the 284 members of the Constituent Assembly. Each member signed both the English and the Hindi versions.
- Both the versions of the Constitution, Hindi, and English, were handwritten. It is the longest handwritten constitution of any country on earth.
- There were originally 395 articles, 22 parts, and 8 schedules. Currently, there are 448 articles, 25 parts, 12 schedules, and 5 appendices.
Happy Constitution Day to all. Jai Hind!